Cattarino L, CA McAlpine and JR Rhodes (2015) Spatial scale and movement behaviour traits control the impacts of habitat fragmentation on individual fitness. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL ECOLOGY 85(1):168-177

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Habitat fragmentation, that is the breaking apart of habitat, can occur at multiple spatial scales at the same time, as a result of different land uses. Individuals of most species spend different amounts of times moving in different modes, during which they cover different distances and experience different fitness impacts. The scale at which fragmentation occurs interacts with the distance that individuals move in a particular mode to affect an individual's ability to find habitat. However, there is little knowledge of the fitness consequences of different scales of fragmentation for individuals with different traits of movement behaviour. This is critical to understand the mechanisms of persistence of different species in fragmented landscapes.